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American English Phonemes

Reference Number: AA-01082 Views: 9410 0 Rating/ Voters

The unit of sound the recognition engine actually recognizes are phonemes.  All phrase formats are ultimately translated into phonetic spelling for decoding. These phonetic spellings can be directly entered if surrounded by curly braces when using inline phonetic format. See Using Phonetic Spellings and Adding Foreign Words for more information about working with phonemes.

The phoneme alphabet (such as AA or EH) that LumenVox implements is a modified version of the CMU Pronouncing Dictionary, which originally derived from Arpabet. Note that the specific alphabet used, as listed below, is specific to LumenVox, so care should be exercised when using CMU or ARPAbet from non-LumenVox sources.

The SAMPA representations shown alongside the LumenVox phonemes indicate the mapping used internally when working with SAMPA conversions, such as when writing or using custom lexicons to aid in the pronunciation of certain words or phrases. Note that this mapping and the phonemes used are specific to LumenVox, so care should be used when utilizing SAMPA or CMU phonemes from non-LumenVox sources.

Below is the American English (en-US) phonetic alphabet used by the ASR decoder, along with SAMPA equivalent representations:

Note1: The AO phoneme denotes a near-open, back, rounded vowel. The vowel in "more" and the first vowel in "auto" sound different to most American English speakers, but our acoustic model considers them the same.
Note2: The AXR phoneme does not have a direct equivalent in SAMPA format. It is paired to the ER phoneme, so any '3' in SAMPA will be converted to the ER phoneme, not the AXR phoneme. This is correct, and by design.